• 1
  • 1

What are the types of nucleic acid extraction?


What are the types of nucleic acid extraction?

As one of the most basic experiments in molecular experiments, nucleic acid extraction is the basis of almost all experiments. No matter the subsequent cloning, PCR, qPCR, library building and sequencing, etc., the nucleic acid is required to proceed smoothly. Today we will briefly understand the types of nucleic acid extraction.

What is nucleic acid?

Nucleic acid is a biological macromolecular compound composed of many nucleotides. It is one of the most basic substances of life. It is divided into deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA). RNA can be divided into ribose according to different functions. somatic RNA (rRNA), messenger RNA (mRNA) and transfer RNA (tRNA).

Nucleic acids are widely present in all animal and plant cells, microorganisms, and nucleic acids in organisms, often combined with proteins to form nucleoproteins. Different nucleic acids have different chemical compositions, nucleotide sequences, etc.

DNA is mainly concentrated in the nucleus, mitochondria and chloroplasts, while RNA is mainly distributed in the cytoplasm.

Nucleic acid extraction type

1. Total RNA extraction

Of the total RNA, 75-85% is rRNA (mainly 28S-26S/23S and 18S/16S rRNA), and the rest is composed of mRNAs and small RNAs with different molecular weights and nucleotide sequences, such as tRNA, 5S rRNA, It consists of 5.8S rRNA, miRNA, siRNA, small nuclear RNA (snRNA) and small nucleolar RNA (snoRNA).

2. miRNA extraction

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small, highly conserved RNA molecules, such as small interfering RNAs (siRNAs), that regulate the molecular expression of their cognate mRNAs by base-pairing with them to prevent expression through various mechanisms. They have become key regulators for development, cell proliferation, differentiation and cell cycle.

3. Genomic DNA extraction

For gene structure and function research and gene diagnosis, the length of the obtained fragment is usually not less than 100-200kb. In the process of DNA extraction, various factors that cause DNA breakage and degradation should be avoided as much as possible to ensure the integrity of DNA and lay the foundation for subsequent experiments.

4. Plasmid extraction

The plasmid extraction method removes RNA, separates the plasmid from bacterial genomic DNA, and removes proteins and other impurities to obtain relatively pure plasmids.

Professional manufacturer of Nucleic Acid (DNA & RNA) Extraction and Analysis products supplier

GENETURE is a group company,we own two factories: Ascend and Dianrun,to provide one stop solution of Nucleic Acid Extraction and Analysis,including solution for COVID-19. Main products including: Nucleic acid extraction or purification kit,Automatic nucleic acid extractor, PCR system, PCR kit, Magnetic beads, and lab consumables of 96 well deep plate,Magnetic rod comb,PCR tube,PCR plate,Pipette tips,centrifuge tubes. etc. Geneture proteinase K also meets the needs of PCR technology. Please feel free to contact us.


Inquery us

Our Latest News

Global boron carbide market trend 2022-2026 What is boron carbide used for ? by Newsytchuangye

Boron carbide (B4C) is grayish black and is a very hard man-made material.…

Global market trend 2022-2026 The continued surge in French inflation is also having an impact on power distribution unit for cabinet prices by Newsytchuangye

France's annual inflation rate hit 6.1 percent in July 2022, rising further from 5.8 percent in June, the highest since July 1985, the National Institute for Statistics and Economics (Insee) said.…

Global market trend 2025-2029 Impact of rising thermal coal prices in Europe on power distribution board cabinet prices by Newsytchuangye

In the European market, due to the heat wave in Europe, the Rhine River, one of the main traffic arteries in Europe, has fallen sharply, causing logistical problems for barges transporting i…